Gum Damar (Indonesia)-Vateria indica

Scientific Name : Vateria indica
500 grams
1 KG
5 KG


Gum damar, also known as damar resin, is a natural plant resin that is derived from various species of trees belonging to the Dipterocarpaceae family. It has been used for centuries for its unique properties and has a wide range of applications. Here is some information about gum damar:

Description: Gum damar is obtained from specific trees, such as Shorea wiesneri, Shorea javanica, or Shorea sumatrana. These trees are native to Southeast Asia, particularly Indonesia and Malaysia. The resin is extracted from the trees by making incisions in the bark, allowing the sticky substance to ooze out. Once collected, the resin is left to harden into solid pieces or processed into various forms such as powder, granules, or flakes.

Physical Properties: Gum damar varies in color depending on the specific species and processing methods. It can range from pale yellow to amber or even reddish-brown. The resin has a translucent or transparent appearance and a brittle texture. It has a characteristic fragrant aroma that is often described as sweet, woody, and balsamic.

Applications: Gum damar has a wide range of applications across different industries:
Varnishes and Paints: One of the primary uses of gum damar is in the production of varnishes and paints. It is valued for its ability to enhance the gloss, hardness, and durability of these coatings. The resin is dissolved in solvents and used as a binder in oil-based paints and varnishes.

Adhesives: Gum damar's adhesive properties make it suitable for use in various adhesive formulations. It is commonly used in the production of adhesives for woodworking, handicrafts, and bookbinding.

Incense and Fragrances: Due to its pleasant aroma, gum damar is used in the production of incense sticks and cones. It adds a unique fragrance to these products when burned. The resin is also used as a fixative in perfumes and fragrances, helping to prolong their scent.

Sculpture and Art Conservation: Gum damar is utilized in sculpture and art conservation as a component of wax-based modeling compounds. It provides the necessary firmness and workability to the materials used by artists and conservators.

Food Industry: In some cases, gum damar is used as a food additive. It may be used as a glazing agent for confectionery products, providing a shiny appearance and protective coating.

It's important to note that while gum damar has various applications, its use should be in accordance with safety guidelines and appropriate regulations in each industry. Additionally, it's advisable to ensure the quality and purity of gum damar products before use.

In summary, gum damar, or damar resin, is a natural plant resin derived from specific trees native to Southeast Asia. With its distinct aroma and adhesive properties, gum damar finds applications in varnishes, paints, adhesives, incense, fragrances, sculpture, art conservation, and even the food industry. Its versatility and unique characteristics make it a valuable ingredient in various products, connecting us to the natural world and enhancing our daily experiences.